SibFU's researchers study the movement of carbon between different environments, which allows to use complex approach in studies of climatic trends and to be able to prepare forecasts for the future. The University plans to build a new Tall Tower for continuous monitoring of the atmosphere in the far north. Such towers stand in all regions of the world, and their absence in the north of Russia (Northern Eurasia) creates an "information black hole ", complicating global climate studies for the scientific community around the world. The implementation of this and other initiatives, as well as the development of interdisciplinary researches using supercomputer simulations, will allow the University to prepare scientific publications of the highest level in the journals Nature and Science. In the given direction the University cooperates with the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Kyoto University, Hokkaido University and with the international research organization IIASA.
The University carries out researches in the area of ecological evolution of tree species under the influence of fire, fire biogeochemistry, ecological basis of fire management. This area has a high practical and theoretical importance, since forest fires lead to significant emissions of carbon dioxide and destruction of trees, which are its natural absorbents. Carbon dioxide emissions due to forest fires make about 10% of total emissions, therefore science-based fire management can lead to a significant reduction of emissions, comparable with the decrease due to the implementation of the Kyoto protocol measures. At the same time remote sensing technology of Earth from space and geoinformation systems will develop actively. The University cooperates with the leading international organizations dealing with this topic, including the NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center and the FS USDA, as well as the University of Freiburg, the University of Barcelona, the University of Alaska and Montana State University.
Creation of artificial photosynthesis, which allows to obtain energy from sunlight and store it in chemical compounds with high efficiency, should lead to a significant reduction in carbon dioxide emissions in the future. The University cooperates with the leading research centers in this area, including Purdue University and KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
One of the priorities of the University is to study the production of aquatic ecosystems. The University studies environmental and genetic mechanisms that determine the level of production of biologically active substances in aquatic ecosystems, in the first place – polyunsaturated Omega-3 fatty acids – protectors of сardiovascular diseases. The research results can be used to create such conditions under which the products of aquatic ecosystems will be enough saturated with essential nutrients, that will cause an increase in living standards and a reduction in mortality. Earlier in the given direction a joint grant from the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation and the American organization CDRF have already been received. A potential partner in this field is the Federal Agency for Fisheries, as well as foreign organizations dealing with this subject. The research results are published in international journals with impact factor of the order of 5. Among the research partners of the University - the University of Potsdam, the Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries, the Netherlands Institute of Ecology.
One of the most important areas of research at the University. Researches are focused on developing of highly efficient bioluminescent technologies and methods of their application in biology, medical diagnostics and monitoring the environment. Nobel Prize winner in Chemistry 2008 Osamu Shimomura works at the University in the given direction. Over the past three years 15 articles with an average impact factor of 5.3 were published in international journals. Publications in the journals Nature and Science are planned. The University cooperates with more than thirty international research centers, including the Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology and Stanford University.
The University works on the development of the concept of modern aluminum electrolytic cell, which allows to obtain high-quality aluminum products with minimal effort. In this area, the properties of low-temperature electrolytes-suspensions are studied, as well as electrochemical properties of inert anode and economic aspects of the creation cells. The use of MHD (magneto-hydrodynamic) technologies provides an additional effect. High practical value of the direction and the use of the ideology of Product Management, focusing on the quality of produced product, attract grants and business partners, so that over the past three years, the University has managed to attract more than 200 million Rubles for the studies. The University works with the leading companies in this field, including the UC RUSAL, with which the establishment of a joint research center in 2016 is already planned. This direction also has a significant scientometric value. During 2013-2015 years, ten publications on the subject in international journals with an average impact factor of 2.1 was published. It is planned to publish in the most prestigious journals in this field with impact factor of 8 or more in the future. The University cooperates with the Norwegian University of Science and Technology and Central South University of Changsha.
Nanoplasmonics is a new area of research for the region and country. Nanoplasmonic structures allow to create fundamentally new components for computers. outstanding research results have already been obtained, there are publications in international journals with high impact factor, including more than 20. The University actively cooperates with the leading research groups around the world, including the team of KTH Royal Institute of Technology, the TU Dresden and Purdue University. The University considers nanoplasmonics as one of the most promising interdisciplinary disciplines. The best practices in the field of mathematics, physics and chemistry are used for research, computer science experts will be actively involved in the future. In addition to computers, nanoplasmonics is used in the medical field, where it, at the intersection with biology, provides prospects for the creation of effective means of treatment of cancer, and is also used in order to create artificial photosynthesis.
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